Friday, June 12, 2020
How Confucius Ideas Affected the China Government (Research Paper Sample) Content: HOW CONFUCIUS IDEAS AFFECTED THE CHINA GOVERNMENTName:Institution:Date:Confucius and his Life HistoryConfucius a name that originate from the name "Kunbg-fu-tzu" was believed to have been born around 551 B.C in a state known as Lu in China. Confucius as a young child had problems in his could hood and everything was not easy for him. He lost his dad who was a warrior at only a tender age of three years. He was also rumored around to be a little and ugly kid. He grew to become a man who would never be offered jobs by Calvin Kelvin. Nevertheless with his ox lips or not he only was lacking the looks but had talent and brains. His mum an him are not ether known for financial prosperity but Confucius grew up and engulfed his education which spanned all types of things from math, history, etiquette, poetry and charioteering.[Daniel A, Bell. China's New Confucianism: Politics and Everyday Life in a Changing Society (Princeton University Press, 2010), 18.] At only an age of 19 years Confucius got married to lady whom later she got children with. There is not much know about the girl and most scholars make conclusion that the marriage between the two failed to work out. There is no much evidence to that and I believe that it would not be right for people to come into such conclusion on the matter. Regardless of that Confucius became a teacher and very intelligent and good teacher to that effect. He is known to be the first private teacher in China who allowed male students from all social classes which was still not being done in those days. He was a teacher who not only gave book knowledge to his students but went beyond to develop the students to junzi which had a meaning of a superior and extemporary person.[Daniel A, Bell. China's New Confucianism: Politics and Everyday Life in a Changing Society (Princeton University Press, 2010), 27.] Out of his teaching career Confucius also cultivated a lifelong dream in the political arena. Although he capture d the job of being the chief justice of the town and which is said to have improved significantly during his period he did not make it to be a leader in his life time. He was much disappointed by the fact that he did not capture the high authority and in his believe he would have change the whole society if he got such a position.[Yim Yu, Wong, Maher, Thomas E. Yu., Evans, Neil A and Nicholson, Joel D."Neo-confucianism: the bane of foreign firms in China." (Management Research News 21, no. 1, 1998),13-22.] After his time as a chief justice, he went on to become a wandering sage. He was now on a mission to get a ruler who would take his wise words. However even if his mission was not only to become a wandering sage but to get his wise words known he did not achieve much in his life time. His teachings eventually got recognition more and became the basis of Chinese teachings and philosophy more than 1000 years thereafter. Today if one want to understand the thinking of Chinese people one has to understand the Confucius philosophy and teachings so as to become conversant with the Confucius teachings.[Betty H. Winfield, Mizuno Takeya, and Beaudoin, Christopher E.. "Confucianism, collectivism and constitutions: Press systems in China and Japan." (Communication Law and Policy 5, no. 3, 2000), 323-347.] Although he was a very clever and wise teacher, Confucius never thought of himself as anything beyond the human ability such as a saint, god or miracle performer. He made description of himself as a transmitter of ancient thought and teachings, which was able to combine and come up with a superb structure of life, society and the art of being human.ConfucianismConfucianism comes from the dominant philosophy in china which is based from the teachings of Confucius. Confucius is a Chinese most renowned philosopher and who had a universal vision in his teachings. Teaching of the philosopher had a great impact on the Chinese people. The teachings gave means on transformin g families, communities and nations into a harmonious international society. The main goal of Confucius was educating people in order for them to have intrinsic motivation, be able to have self control and take over their responsibilities. In making an individual a better person by improving on their ability, skill and thinking then he believe that this way there would be the ideal type of society that lives harmoniously. Confucius notion was that when there was equality in the society then there will be no competition and life would not have limit as there will be equality on every aspect and thus there would be no chaos and conflicts of interest.[Daniel A, Bell. China's New Confucianism: Politics and Everyday Life in a Changing Society (Princeton University Press, 2010), 19.] The only way that equality can be achieved is when individuals have a fixed station in life and where they have a person in control (master) to be working for so as happiness to prevail. Therefore, Confucius stated, "As soon as there was heaven and earth, there was the distinction of above and below (superior and inferior); when the first wise king arose, the country he occupied had the division of classes. The ancient kings established the rules of proper conduct and divided the people into nobles and commoners, so that everybody would be under someone's control" .[Daniel A, Bell. China's New Confucianism: Politics and Everyday Life in a Changing Society (Princeton University Press, 2010), 57.] The natural setting of things in the Yi society wanted inequality and a clear boundary between the inferior and the superior. The doctrine of Confucian divides the community into two classifications: those who are in power and those who are being ruled. The authority and responsibility belong to the virtuous people; therefore the person in power, the ruler is chosen for his superiority in virtue.[Daniel A, Bell. China's New Confucianism: Politics and Everyday Life in a Changing Society (Princeto n University Press, 2010), 55.] When every person is under someoneÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s control, then there if a flow of responsibilities and benevolence from the above (from the heaven and the king) and therefore one must be obedient, loyal and respectful to the powers above. In the utopia of a Confucian state, when each person acts according to these principles then a peaceful and harmonious society will prevail. There is no room for the voice below and there is only a flow from above descending downwards and thus in a Confucian state there was a paternalistic government and was just a government of the authority in power, by the authority and for the authority.The virtues of love, proper conduct, faithfulness, wisdom, righteousness and benevolent sum up to the principles of Confucianism. Therefore, how people conduct themselves is the main tenet of Confucianism. Confucianism also upholds 5 basic relationships, these are; husband to wife, father to the son, elderly to young, sovereign to s ubject, and lastly friend to friend. Confucius also came with five elements that guide society in these relationships. These elements include; Righteousness, Intimacy, distinction, faithfulness and obedience.[James F Paradise. "China and international harmony: The role of Confucius Institutes in bolstering Beijing's soft power." (Asian Survey 49, no. 4, 2009), 647-669] The ethical principles of Confucianism are based on the virtues of benevolent love, righteousness, proper conduct, wisdom, and faithfulness. Conduct, or ceremony, is the cardinal tenet of Confucianism. Confucianism also extols five fundamental relationships: Ãâfather to son, sovereign to subject, husband to wife, old to young, and friend to friend. Confucius laid down five articles of morality to properly maintain these relationships: Ãâintimacy, righteousness, distinction, obedience, and faithfulness.[Shaun, O'Dwyer. "Democracy and Confucian values." (Philosophy East and West 53, no. 1, 2003),39-63.] Confuciani sm and GovernmentThe governing philosophy in China, Confucianism is based on the teaching of Confucius. Confucius lived more than 1,000 before the Sony dynasty and his teaching thoughts and ideas had a long and dramatic effect on the Chinese Song system of government. Looking at Confucianism as a political philosophy, it can be sum up in 8 stages of becoming "true man or gentleman" these steps are; "investigate nature, extend the boundary of knowledge, make your purpose sincere, regulate the mind, cultivate personal virtue, rule the family, govern the state, and pacify the world." regrettably, even governments built up under such ideal conditions and tenets are governments of men and thus in practice Yi kings were often rigid and autocratic rules.The Yi dynasty was born indebted to a big and diverse group of men. Each held a political position in the dynasty. The new dynasty existence and survival was ultimately dependant on manner in which the debt was paid. Yi song-gye and the fo unders of the Yi dynasty were reliant on two paradoxical strategies to ensure continuity of the new royal house. The political security motivated King Taejo who formed the Dynasty establishment. There was a particular group of men selected and were given extraordinary rewards for their services which were meritorious to the state as they were offering help to put Yi Song Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬gye on the throne. The method of reward to royal supporters came to be known as Kongsin system.[Joseph Richmond, Levenson. Confucian China and its modern fate: A trilogy. (Vol. 1. University of California Press, 1968),78] The number one merit subject was inclusive of names belonging to 44 men who were classified under three merit classes and each class contained at least eleven more names which were added to the list later. The first class merit subjects were receiving land grants of about 350-500 acres and 15 to 30 slaves to till their lands. The second cla...
Sunday, May 17, 2020
I crossed my arms across my chest and placed a frown on my face. Why couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t I do that? My parents laughed at my dramatic outburst, and my dad repeated the one thing that I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t do no matter how much I pursed my lips. Ã¢â¬Å"Come on Meraf, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll learn how to whistle eventually. YouÃ¢â¬â¢re just a preschooler; you have a lot of time to master the skill.Ã¢â¬ My father chuckled while saying this, and then proceeded to whistle the intro to the Mickey Mouse show. Show off. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t know when whistling became such an obsession of mine. I had just recently been introduced to the complicated art of snapping and whistling. Snapping was a simple lesson; I got the hang of it in less than twenty minutes. But whistling? I could never seem to understand it. Every time I attempted to whistle, it turned into a raspberry, or worse, a breath that looked like the ones you blow to see your breath in frosty weather. Lessons with my dad were a disaster. He would stop every two minutes to critique how rounded my mouth was, and kept stressing that I wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t trying to blow down some annoying pigsÃ¢â¬â¢ houses, so there was no need for me to huff and puff. I would look at myself in the mirror and imitate the way my father would structure his face to whistle. My mouth would pucker as if I just ate an extremely sour lemon, and my cheeks would blow up like a chipmunk stuffing his jaws with nuts for the entire winter. I then would intake a tremendous amount of ai r, and let it out through my lips. However, it neverShow MoreRelatedDescriptive Essay - Original Writing1110 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesI donÃ¢â¬â¢t know how I got to where I am, but IÃ¢â¬â¢m here now, and I have to win if I want to live. I am in a game, and in order to live, I have to escape. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s the thing, though: I donÃ¢â¬â¢t know how to escape. I was running for my life around this old house that looked like it came straight out of a horror movie. I doubled over and held my head in pain as I saw the static, which meant it was coming. I was being chased by what looked like a person but in no way acted like one. Just as it was about to appearRead MoreDescriptive Essay - Original Writing1102 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIt is on days like this when we stop to think about our life. Small drops of rain begin to dapple the cobblestone pavement as people whip out their umbrellas for cover. I continue sauntering down the busy street, relishing the feeling of a light shower. Moving w ith the mass of pedestrians, I stop at a crosswalk where I wait for the stoplight to turn green. A flower shop employee across the street scurries to bring in the numerous bouquets and close the doors as rain starts rolling down the displayRead MoreDescriptive Essay - Original Writing914 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDreamy I thought. Standing on the corner is a young guy with a smile. I see him here almost every day, so I linger for a while. He tells me his name, and I tell him mine. I m Ester, what s your name? I enquired. My names David .,He replied. We end up talking for a while and I asked him if he had ever left this city. He tells me of all these stories of the places where he s been, the distant lakes and mountains, and in valleys oh so green. I can see it in his eyes, he really has beenRead MoreDescriptive Essay - Original Writing974 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages I was used to moving round, having a mother who liked to travel more than making roots was something I had gotten used to. Still, I had never gotten used to the loneliness of an empty house when she was out exploring, or the feeling of leaving behind someone who could have meant something to me. Our most recent move was Oregon. It was pretty, and I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t mind it, but it was much different than Florida. Not only was it opposite sides of the country, it felt as if it were opposite worlds. InRead MoreDescriptive Essay - Original Writing1012 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageshave plenty of time in the next month to think about my feeling in regards to Kendrick. I needed to finish up the article and get it off to my editor. I should be able to get it done by tonight and send an email in the morning. I was thinking of writing my next article about the sea life around the Scottish coast. Since our salmon dinner last evening I thought I would do a piece about the commercial salmon farming that began in Scotland in 1969. In 2002 over 145,000 metric tons of farmed AtlanticRead MoreDescriptive Essay - Original Writing1561 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThereÃ¢â¬â¢s something I need to say and what follows may not be something that youÃ¢â¬â¢d expect, it wonÃ¢â¬â¢t be heartening or uplifting. If you remember today, I told you about going somewhere I wanted to go toÃ¢â¬ ¦ IÃ¢â¬â¢m not sure if you believed and accepted what I now confess as untrue; it is partly. I needed to pull away emo tionallyÃ¢â¬ ¦ from you. You must have had fathomed that some degree of formality had seeped between us. Born of habit, formulaic greetings had become a routine. You presume that IÃ¢â¬â¢m a close friendRead MoreDescriptive Essay - Original Writing1387 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesI was wearing a beautiful blue dress with sapphire gems all around the chest area as I entered the ball with Ciel and Sebastian. I took a good look around here, the hallway was lined with gold. There was a servant ready to escort us to the ball room. Hello, come this way. He said, walking forward. Wow, this place is so fancy! I exclaimed, looking around. It s fake gold. Ciel bluntly replied, bringing my hopes down. I sighed. Ciel sounded like he wasn t in a very good mood. Ciel, lightenRead MoreDescriptive Essay - Original Writing1287 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages In the morning, Caireann woke me up. She stood above my bed, shaking my shoulder. I opened my eyes, looking at her. Then I looked across the room to her empty bed. Andy s empty bed sat in the corner. I swallowed, climbing out of bed. Sleep well? Caireann asked me, starting out the door. Yeah, I said, going over to our small dresser. I had the bottom two drawers. Andy had the middle two, and Caireann had the top. I pulled open the drawers, pulling on a colorful tank top and a grayRead MoreDescriptive Essay - Original Writing1345 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLater that night, I was behind the wheel of my G-Wagon with Melissa in the passenger seat. She didnÃ¢â¬â¢t feel like driving since she was on the road all day and I understood so I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t mind when she asked me to. I had been tight-lipped. She kept eyeballing me as if she detected that something was bothering me but I just kept singing to my India Arie as if I was carefree. Ã¢â¬Å"So are you going to tell me whatÃ¢â¬â¢s going on or noÃ¢â¬ Melissa said disrupting my own personal concert. I stopped singing and tookRead MoreDescriptive Essay - Original Writing1085 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesI WAS SITTING IN a taxi, wondering if I had overdressed for the evening, when I looked out the window and saw Mom rooting through a Dumpster. It was just after dark. A blustery March wind whipped the steam coming out of the manholes, and people hurried along the sidewalks with their collars turned up. I was stuck in traffic two blocks from the party where I was heading. Mom stood fifteen feet away. She had tied rags around her shoulders to keep out the spring chill and was picking through the trash
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Clayton Gorski Death Penalty The death penalty has been a debated topic for decades. Many people believe that it serves justice to the person being executed, while others think that it does no good for either party. However, I believe the three most outstanding topics surround the death penalty are the cost of death vs. life in prison, attorney quality, and irrevocable mistakes. The first topic surrounding the death penalty is the cost of death vs. life in prison. This is a big issue because most people believe that the death penalty is a more cost effective decision than spending life in prison, but that may have been the case many years ago when deaths were swift. Today, prisoners have to go toÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦What I consider to be a pro of the attorney quality is that state governments and courts are starting to recognize the flaws within the death penalty system. A major con of attorney quality is that prisoners cannot afford their own attorneys, they are appointed one. Generally the attorneys that are appointed to prisoners are newer attorneys with very little experience, or just bad attorneys. This most of the time leads to the defendants being executed innocent or not. The last topic surrounding the death penalty are the irrevocable mistakes made by judges. This has become a big issue within the last twenty years because the number of appeal cases that found the defendant was innocent, and saved from the death penalty was enough to put the topic into review. Pros of this is there has been a recognition to have higher standard for convicting someone of the death penalty. Another pro is that there have been organizations like the innocence project to help victims convicted of crimes they havenÃ¢â¬â¢t committed. These organizations also shed light on prisoners on death row and in the regular prison population, to review their cases and come to a better sentence. With these reviews many people across the nation have be set free, but without a deeper look into their cases they would most likely still be sitting in prison. A con of this is the fact that someone could be sentenced to death that is innocent.Show MoreRelatedDeath Penalty Pros and Cons163 6 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Pros and Cons of the Death Penalty The death penalty is a legal process whereby a person is put to death as a punishment for a crime. The death penalties are usually carried out for retribution of a heinous murder committed, such as aggravated murder, felony killing or contract killing. Every state handles what method they want to use to put a person to death according to their state laws. The death penalty is given by lethal injection, electrocution; gas chamber firing squad and hanging areRead MoreDeath Penalty Pros Cons2512 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesTop 10 Pros and Cons Should the death penalty be allowed? The PRO and CON statements below give a five minute introduction to the death penalty debate. (Read more information about our one star to five star Theoretical Credibility System) 1. Morality 2. Constitutionality 3. Deterrence 4. Retribution 5. Irrevocable Mistakes 6. Cost of Death vs. Life in Prison 7. Race 8. Income Level 9. Attorney Quality 10. Physicians at Execution PRO Death Penalty CON Death Penalty 1. Morality PRO:Read MoreDeath Penalty Pros And Cons1501 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe death penalty. What laws have the Supreme Court recognized that warrant the death penalty as being cruel and unusual punishment. What are the pros and cons of the death penalty, death penalty vs. life incarceration from a financial standpoint, the death penalty is it a deterrent where crime is concerned, states that have the death penalty, the state with the highest number of death row inmates the state with the lowest, mentally ill and mental retardation, juveniles, women and the death penaltyRead MorePros And Cons Of The Death Penalty1435 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntroduction The Death Penalty (DP), being also known as capital punishment, capital offence and corporal punishment, is a sentence of death imposed on a convicted criminal (1); this essay will use all the terms interchangeably. The DP breaches two fundamental human rights, namely the right to life and the right to live free from torture; both rights are protected under the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) adopted by the United Nations in 1948, which contains a list of each human rightsRead MoreThe Pros And Cons Of The Death Penalty915 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Death Penalty is the punishment of execution to someone who legally by court of law convicted a capital crime. In the United States of America this is mainly used for aggravated murder. Additionally this means that the murder has circumstances that are severe. For instance it was planned murder, intentionally killed below the age of 13, killed someone while serving term in prison, killed a law officer, and killed someone or ill egally terminated a personÃ¢â¬â¢s pregnancy while in the process of committingRead MoreThe Pros And Cons Of The Death Penalty1331 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe death penalty has always been an issue or debate in the United States, typically being asked if it should be illegal or not. As of right now there are thirty-one states, including Ohio in which I live, that still use the death penalty as it is illegal in the rest. There are many supporters of it, there is also a huge amount of opposition. There are things included in both sides that can make the argument harder to be one-sided but I believe that the death penalty should be legal throughout theRead MorePros And Cons Of The Death Penalty1348 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesmost shocking, the death penalty. The death penalty, also referred to as capital punishment, was first introduced in the form of hanging hundreds of years ago when America was first established. Now, the most common way of execution proves to be death by lethal injection . For hundreds of years, people have argued over whether or not the general idea of capital punishment stands morally correct. Many have also debated if anyone holds the right to end anotherÃ¢â¬â¢s life. The death penalty, morally wrong andRead MoreThe Pros And Cons Of The Death Penalty844 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe death penalty takes the saying of Ã¢â¬Å"An eye for an eyeÃ¢â¬ to a whole new level. From a very young age, everyone has been taught the undeniable truth that murder is wrong. So what makes capital punishment alright? Just because someone did something wrong, that doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t mean that person can legally be killed, as we are all human, and we all make mistakes. In the United States, 31 states allow this punishment (Sherman). Christopher Wilkins, Terry Darnell Edwards, and Rolando Ruiz are some of the manyRead MoreThe Pros And Cons Of The Death Penalty1939 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThe death penalty is a serious problem that has the United States very divided. While th ere are many supporters of it, there is also a large amount of opposition. Currently, there are thirty three states where the death penalty is legal and seventeen states that have abolished it . I believe the death penalty should be legal throughout the nation. Crime is all around, Wherever we look we find criminals and crime. Criminals have become a part of peoples daily lives,Some criminals commit a crimeRead MoreThe Pros And Cons Of The Death Penalty948 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDeath is something that a lot of people think about, but do people think about the Death Penalty? Having been given the death penalty means that someone is going to be put to death by a lethal injection or an electric chair; There are more ways, but the injection and the electric chair are the most used. There are many different opinions surrounding the idea of death penalties; which some people think the death penalty should be used more and some believe the complete opposite. There are two main
Content Introduction 1. Etymology as a subdivision of linguistics 2. Folk etymology as a productive force 3. Cases of word alteration by common people etymology 4. Other linguistic communications 5. Acceptability of ensuing signifiers Decision Mentions Introduction Folk etymology is a lingual phenomenon whereby borrowed or antediluvian phrases are reinterpreted harmonizing to analogy with other comon words or phrases in the linguistic communication. Etymology refers to the beginning of words. For illustration, the etymology of etymology can be traced through Old English and Latin to the Grecian roots etymo, intending true , and Sons, intending word . In common people etymology, talkers af a linguistic communication assume the etymology of a word or phrase by comparing it to similar-sounding words or phrases that already exist in the linguistic communication. A word or phrase is typically considered a common people etymology merely if it has changed from its original borrowed signifier as a consequence of the reinterpreted etymology. If talkers assume an incorrect beginning of a word or phrase, but its pronunciation and/or spelling are unchanged, so the term is non referred to as a common people etymology. For case, some people assume that the English word history is a combination of the words his and narrative, but the word really can be traced through Old French and Latin to the Grecian root historia, intending knowledge through enquiry, record, or narrative . While the reading his narrative is a common people etymology, the word history is non decently referred to as such, as the reinterpretation does non impact its signifier. Folk etymology is a term used in two distinguishable ways: A normally held misinterpretation of the beginning of a peculiar word, a false etymology. The popular perversion of the signifier of words in order to render it seemingly important [ 1 ] ; the procedure by which a word or phrase, normally one of apparently opaque formation, is randomly reshaped so as to give a signifier which is considered to be more crystalline. [ 2 ] The term folk etymology , as mentioning both to erroneous beliefs about derivation and the consequent alterations to words, is derived from the German Volksetymologie. Similar footings are found in other linguistic communications, e.g. Volksetymologie itself in Danish and Dutch, Afrikaans Volksetimologie, Swedish Folketymologi, and full analogues in non-Germanic linguistic communications, e.g. French # 201 ; tymologie populaire, Hungarian N # 233 ; petimol # 243 ; Armed Islamic Group ; an illustration of an alternate name is Italian Pseudoetimologia. 1.Etymology as a subdivision of linguistics The etymology of a word refers to its beginning and historical development: that is, its earliest known usage, its transmittal from one linguistic communication to another, and its alterations in signifier and significance. Etymology is besides the term for the subdivision of linguistics that surveies word histories. So, what s the Difference Between a Definition and an Etymology? A definition tells us what a word means and how it s used in our ain clip. An etymology tells us where a word came from ( frequently, but non ever, from another linguistic communication ) and what it used to intend. For illustration, harmonizing to The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, the definition of the word catastrophe is an happening doing widespread devastation and hurt ; a calamity or a grave bad luck. But the etymology of the word catastrophe takes us back to a clip when people normally blamed great bad lucks on the influence of the stars. Catastrophe foremost appeared in English in the late sixteenth century, merely in clip for Shakespeare to utilize the word in the drama King Lear. It arrived by manner of the Old Italian word disastro, which meant unfavourable to one s stars. This older, astrological sense of catastrophe becomes easier to understand when we study its Latin root word, astrum, which besides appears in our modern star word uranology. With the negative Latin prefix dis- ( apart ) added to astrum ( star ) , the word ( in Latin, Old Italian, and Middle French ) conveyed the thought that a calamity could be traced to the evil influence of a star or planet ( a definition that the dictionary Tells us is now disused ) . Is the Etymology of a Word Its True Definition? Not at all, though people sometimes try to do this statement. The word etymology is derived from the Grecian word root, which means the true sense of a word. But in fact the original significance of a word is frequently different from its modern-day definition. The significances of many words have changed over clip, and older senses of a word may turn uncommon or disappear wholly from mundane usage. Catastrophe, for case, no longer means the evil influence of a star or planet, merely as consider no longer means to detect the stars. Let s expression at another illustration. Our English word wage is defined by The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language as fixed compensation for services, paid to a individual on a regular footing. Its etymology can be traced back 2,000 old ages to sal, the Latin word for salt. If a word s etymology is non the same as its definition, why should we care at all about word histories? Well, for one thing, understanding how words have developed can learn us a great trade about our cultural history. In add-on, analyzing the histories of familiar words can assist us to infer the significances of unfamiliar words, thereby enriching our vocabularies. Finally, word narratives are frequently both entertaining and thought arousing. As any child can state you, words are merriment. 2.Folk etymology as a productive force Folk etymology is peculiarly of import because it can ensue in the alteration of a word or phrase by analogy with the erroneous etymology which is popularly believed to be true and supposed to be therefore restored . In such instances, folk etymology is the trigger which causes the procedure of lingual analogy by which a word or phrase alterations because of a popularly-held etymology, or misinterpretation of the history of a word or phrase. Here the term folk etymology is besides used ( originally as a stenography ) to mention to the alteration itself, and cognition of the popular etymology is indispensable for the ( more complex ) true etymology of the ensuing hybridized word. Other misconceptions which leave the word unchanged may of class be ignored, but are by and large non called popular etymology. The inquiry of whether the resulting use is right or wrong depends on one s impression of rightness and is in any instance distinct from the inquiry of whether a given etymology is right. Until academic linguistics developed the comparative survey of linguistics and the development of the Torahs underlying phonic alterations, the derivation of words was a affair largely of guess-work, sometimes right but more frequently incorrect, based on superficial resemblances of signifier and the similar. This popular etymology has had a powerful influence on the signifiers which words take ( e.g. crayfish or crayfish, from the Gallic crevis, modern crevisse, or sand-blind, from samblind, i.e. semi- , half-blind ) , and has often been the juncture of homonyms ensuing from different etymologies for what appears a individual word, with the original significance ( s ) reflecting the true etymology and the new significance ( s ) reflecting the incorrect popular etymology. The term common people etymology , as mentioning both to erroneous beliefs about derivation and the consequent alterations to words, is derived from the German Volksetymologie. Similar footings are found in other linguistic communications, e.g. Volksetymologie itself in Danish and Dutch, Afrikaans Volksetimologie, Swedish Folketymologi, and full analogues in non-Germanic linguistic communications, e.g. Gallic Etymologie populaire, Magyar Nepetimologia ; an illustration of an alternate name is Italian Pseudoetimologia. 3.Cases of word alteration by common people etymology In lingual alteration caused by common people etymology, the signifier of a word changes so that it better matches its popular rationalization. For illustration: Old English sam-blind ( semi-blind or half-blind ) became dim-sighted ( as if blinded by the sand ) when people were no longer able to do sense of the component surface-to-air missile ( half ) . Old English bryd-guma ( bride-man ) became bridegroom after the Old English word guma fell out of usage and made the compound semantically vague. The soundless s in island is a consequence of common people etymology. The word, which derives from an Old English compound of # 299 ; eg = island , was mistakenly believed to be related to isle , which came via Old French from Latin insula ( island ) . More recent illustrations: Gallic ( e ) crevisse ( likely from Germanic krebiz ) which became the English spiny lobster. Asparagus officinales, which in England became sparrow-grass. cater-corner became kitty-corner or catty-corner when the original significance of cater ( four ) had become disused. Other alterations due to folk etymology include: button hole from buttonhold ( originally a cringle of twine that held a button down ) Charterhouse from Chartreux agnail from hangnail penthouse from pentice sweetie from sweetard ( the same postfix as in stupid and dotard ) shamefaced from shamefast ( caught in shame ) daybed sofa from daybed longue ( long chair ) priggish from priggish When a back-formation rests on a misinterpretation of the morphology of the original word, it may be regarded as a sort of common people etymology. In heraldry, a rebus coat-of-arms ( which expresses a name by one or more elements merely important by virtuousness of the supposed etymology ) may reenforce a common people etymology for a noun proper, normally of a topographic point. The same procedure sometimes influences the spelling of proper names. The name Antony/Anthony is frequently spelled with an H because of the Elizabethan belief that it is derived from Greek # 945 ; # 957 ; # 952 ; # 959 ; # 962 ; ( flower ) . In fact it is a Roman household name, likely intending something like ancient . 4.Other linguistic communications See the undermentioned articles that discuss common people etymologies for their topics: campanile ( architecture ) blunderbuss Brass monkey Brent Goose Cesarean subdivision daybed longue Ducking stool crayfish gringo Jerusalem artichoke canvass revenue enhancement Rake-hell Juneberry sincere Welsh Welsh rabbit The Gallic verb savoir ( to cognize ) was once spelled s # 231 ; avoir, in order to associate it with the Latin scire ( to cognize ) . In fact it is derived from sapere ( to be wise ) . The spelling of the English word posthumous reflects a belief that it is derived from Latin station humum, literally after the Earth , in other words after burial. In fact the Latin postumus is an old superlative of station ( after ) , formed in the same manner as optimus and ultimus. Medieval Latin has a word, bachelarius ( unmarried man ) , of unsure beginning, mentioning to a junior knight, and by extension to the holder of a University grade inferior to Master or Doctor. This was later re-spelled baccalaureus to reflect a false derivation from bacca laurea ( laurel berry ) , touching to the possible laurel Crown of a poet or vanquisher. Olisipona ( Lisbon ) was explained as deducing from the metropolis s supposed foundation by Ulysses, though the colony surely antedates any Grecian presence. 5.Acceptability of ensuing signifiers The inquiry of whether the resulting use is right or wrong depends on one s impression of rightness ; at any rate it is a separate issue from the inquiry of whether the false etymology is right. When a baffled apprehension of etymology produces a new signifier today, there is typically opposition to it on the portion of those who see through the confusion, but there is no inquiry of long-established words being considered incorrect because common people etymology has affected them. Chaise sofa and Welsh Welsh rabbit are disparaged by many, but shamefaced and button holes are universally accepted. The term folk etymology , as mentioning both to erroneous beliefs about derivation and the consequent alterations to words, is derived from the German Volksetymologie.Similar footings are found in other linguistic communications, e.g. volksetymologie in Dutch, Afrikaans volksetymologie, Danish folkeetymologi, Swedish folketymologi, and full analogues in non-Germanic linguistic communications, e.g. Hungarian n # 233 ; petimol # 243 ; Armed Islamic Group, French # 233 ; tymologie populaire and Israeli Hebrew etimol # 243 ; gya amam # 237 ; T ( popular etymology ) . Examples of alternate names are Italian pseudoetimologia and paretimologia ( lt ; paraetimologia ) , every bit good as English etymythology. The phenomenon becomes particularly interesting when it feeds back into the development of the word and therefore becomes a portion of the true etymology. Because a population wrongly believes a word to hold a certain beginning, they begin to articulate, spell, or otherwise util ize the word in a mode appropriate to that perceived beginning, in a sort of misplaced pedantry. Thus a new standard signifier of the word appears which has been influenced by the misconception. In such instances it is frequently said that the signifier of the word has been altered by common people etymology . ( Less normally, but found in the etymological subdivisions of the OED, one might read that the word was altered by pseudo-etymology, or false etymology. ) Pyles and Algeo give the illustration of Chester shortss for chest of shortss ; likewise, daybed sofa for daybed longue . Decision There are many illustrations of common people etymology in common English words and phrases. For illustration, penthouse is derived from the Old French apentiz, intending approximately, that which is appended to , but English talkers reinterpreted the word to include the English house, since a penthouse is a topographic point where person lives. Similarly, primrose, a type of flower, was reinterpreted by manner of common people etymology to include the English name of another flower, rose, although the word was originally borrowed from Old Gallic primerole. Mentions 1. # 1040 ; # 1085 ; # 1090 ; # 1088 ; # 1091 ; # 1096 ; # 1080 ; # 1085 ; # 1072 ; # 1043 ; . # 1041 ; . # 1051 ; # 1077 ; # 1082 ; # 1089 ; # 1080 ; # 1082 ; # 1086 ; # 1083 ; # 1086 ; # 1075 ; # 1080 ; # 1103 ; # 1072 ; # 1085 ; # 1075 ; # 1083 ; # 1080 ; # 1081 ; # 1089 ; # 1082 ; # 1086 ; # 1075 ; # 1086 ; # 1103 ; # 1079 ; # 1099 ; # 1082 ; # 1072 ; # 8211 ; # 1052 ; . : # 1044 ; # 1088 ; # 1086 ; # 1092 ; # 1072 ; , 2000 2. # 1050 ; # 1074 ; # 1077 ; # 1089 ; # 1077 ; # 1083 ; # 1077 ; # 1074 ; # 1080 ; # 1095 ; # 1044 ; . # 1030 ; . # 1055 ; # 1088 ; # 1072 ; # 1082 ; # 1090 ; # 1080 ; # 1082 ; # 1091 ; # 1084 ; # 1079 ; # 1083 ; # 1077 ; # 1082 ; # 1089 ; # 1080 ; # 1082 ; # 1086 ; # 1083 ; # 1086 ; # 1075 ; # 1110 ; # 1111 ; # 1089 ; # 1091 ; # 1095 ; # 1072 ; # 1089 ; # 1085 ; # 1086 ; # 1111 ; # 1072 ; # 1085 ; # 1075 ; # 1083 ; # 1110 ; # 1081 ; # 1089 ; # 1100 ; # 1082 ; # 1086 ; # 1111 ; # 1084 ; # 1086 ; # 1074 ; # 1080 ; # 8211 ; # 1042 ; # 1110 ; # 1085 ; # 1085 ; # 1080 ; # 1094 ; # 1103 ; : # 1042 ; # 1080 ; # 1076 ; . # 171 ; # 1053 ; # 1086 ; # 1074 ; # 1072 ; # 1082 ; # 1085 ; # 1080 ; # 1075 ; # 1072 ; # 187 ; , 2001 3. hypertext transfer protocol: //www.encyclopedia.com/topic/etymology.aspx 4. hypertext transfer protocol: //www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1O29-FOLKETYMOLOGY.html 5. hypertext transfer protocol: //grammar.about.com/od/words/a/Etymologywords.htm 6. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Etymology
Saturday, April 11, 2020
Writing An Argumentative EssayWriting an argumentative essay is one of the most important tasks in college and high school. You have to be able to come up with a good essay that will persuade your reader that you are the best person for the job. In order to get this task done, you need to first gather some ideas for arguments.The most persuasive argument you can use for your essay is to go on the strength of your academic background. Be sure to mention all the accomplishments you have accomplished through your studies, and why you are the right person for the job. Remember, students are not going to read any essay if they do not like it.Also, make sure that you have made the main idea of your essay very clear. For example, if you are going to talk about why your major is better than your friends', then be sure to state that fact as clearly as possible. All this information is just an extension of the main idea that you want to convey. You do not want to try to keep your audience in s uspense.There are also some aspects that will help you focus your main idea. Most people go on a tangent when they read an essay. If you are able to establish some strong points within the beginning, you will get a lot more attention when you finish the argument. Also, if you have created a solid argument, you will be able to move on to the next point without feeling like you are wasting time.One of the most important aspects to remember about argumentation is to come up with a title. This should have enough force so that when you start reading the essay, you will know what you are doing. As soon as you see your essay title, you will be in a better position to communicate your thoughts.Finally, make sure that you follow a systematic plan in order to write an argumentative essay. With this strategy, you will not need to worry about breaking up your ideas in many pieces. Just start with a strong statement and build your argument around it.When you are ready to write an argumentative e ssay, remember to make it as short as possible. It does not have to be very long, but it must be concise. You will find that your essay will come out more forceful, even if it is only a couple pages long.
Friday, April 3, 2020
Things You Should Know About Good Creative Essay Topics What Is So Fascinating About Good Creative Essay Topics? When you work with us, you're guaranteed that each of the samples and topics will be customized to fit your purposes. Obviously, there are instances once your instructor may offer certain topics to work on or a set of topics from which you are able to choose. Other times, you are going to be given the freedom to produce informative and creative topics. With the aid of our tips for writing and our interesting collection of topics, you're guaranteed to have a high grade! What Everybody Dislikes About Good Creative Essay Topics and Why It has never been simpler to obtain inspiration and tips for your next school assignment than at TopicsMill! The admission essay is a means for you to speak about yourself and why you would make a wonderful add-on to a program. On our site you will discover considerably more useful special information that will certainly be beneficial for junior and higher school kids from, like common home task essay about Hamlet, along with, for instance, application essays for college for future students. Writing prompts may also be utilized to help students get prepared for the standardized tests. Inspiration to make your own advertising or media argumentative essay topics isn't tough to discover. Understanding writing prompts is not really that simple. When prior brainstorming is finished, you can begin drafting your essay. If you prefer excellent paper essay examples, reach out to us here today and we'll do our very best to offer you the most suitable help. Moral argumentative essay topics are a few of the simplest to get carried away with. There are many essay topics that you can pick from. Taking into account that lots of persuasive essays concern controversial topics, before writing, you might want to sit down and think of what your opinion on the topic actually is. Recent argumentative essay topics that are related to society is going to do. Informative essays are somewhat more descriptive. Researching the topic will enable you to find out more about what fascinates you, and should you pick something you truly like, writing the essay will be more enjoyable. Colleges can tell whenever your essay is merely a form essay. Although you may know what format, style guide, and whether the essay ought to be double spaced, you might be confused on what actually creates a fantastic essay topic. The only rule to follow when selecting a topic for your college essay is to select the topic you're eager to write about. Following are different kinds of essay topics for students that are categorized in many sections so you can easily chose the topic depending on your need and requirement. The primary goal of topic choice for a proposal essay is to demonstrate the idea can be put into place in practice. Moreover, you would like to go for an essay topic that's going to enable you to demonstrate your skills to the best of your ability. There are many steps which you should take so as to compose an outstanding essay. When it has to do with writing an argumentative essay, the most crucial matter to do is to select a topic and an argument that you could really get behind. You don't need to find super technical with legal argumentative essays, but make certain to do your homework on what the recent laws about your preferred topic actually say. You'll not have to be concerned about the appropriateness of your title. Your opinion is that which we value most, so say what you need and exactly what you believe. When you are requested to select a great topic for your argument, start with something you're acquainted with. The principal focus here is to utilize your imagination and just continue writing. So you need to know that you're utilizing the appropriate words to deliver the message. You may discover that a lot of the topics can be adapted to suit almost any type of writing assignment. In fact, lots of students are not going to do very great at all because they misunderstood the idea of the writing prompt they were assigned to.
Monday, March 9, 2020
What Is a Vandalism Essay Topic?When students take a good look at vandalism essays, they are looking for something that is simple and that has an interesting topic. This may be difficult to do in some cases, but there are several vandalism essay topics available on the web. However, a good vandalism essay needs to do more than that.A good essay should include all of the details that pertain to the whole set of circumstances surrounding the vandalizing. It should include all of the means by which the vandalism occurred, whether it be from the vandal himself or someone else.The essays available are often tied into larger social issues, and therefore, depending on the vandalism essay topics available, may not be able to present the facts fully. Instead, the essay will most likely rely heavily on opinion and analysis. Vandalism is a problem which affects all people and, thus, a lot of people are involved. In many cases, the use of words and phrases is what distinguishes a good vandalism essay from a bad one.When looking for vandalism essay topics online, some topics can be found in the form of an online class. They will offer something a little different from the essays that you will find when browsing the internet. They have shorter assignments and some sites even offer homework assistance to help students complete their assignments.In order to succeed with vandalism essay topics, it is important to choose topics that will fit your individual personality. Although they can be used in various ways, some ways are more effective than others. Vandalism essays are usually short, and this allows for plenty of information to be included. While a good essay can be less than two hundred words, it can be longer.Regardless of how many essay topics are available for a particular subject, you should be sure to research the term before choosing an essay topic. While there are hundreds of thousands of possible topics, choosing a proper one is necessary to ensure that you present the facts in a balanced manner.There are many different website websites that offer essay topics. Of course, if you want a topic that will completely change the way you write, you will need to spend time to find a plagiarism free topic. While you may find yourself on a vandalism essay topics blog, remember that the essay can still be used as a writing assignment or you can just come up with a topic that may interest you.